Volo di gabbiani all'alba: 1973 Francesco Vaccarone was born in La Spezia on 4th Oct 1940. He began painting at a very early age under the guidance of G.U. Caselli and G. Bellani, at the same time pursuing classical and philosophical studies.

From 1957 to 1964 he presented his first solo shows and took part in numerous collective shows in many Italian towns. The creative language of this first period was figurative and greatly influenced by German Expressionism.

From 1965 to 1969 he had a second studio in Genoa where he carried out research on visual languages and was in close contact with poets (Gruppo 63) and artists from the Italian experimental avant-garde ("Trerosso" from Genoa, "'70" from Florence, "LineaSud" from Naples), with whom he organized conferences and exhibitions.

In 1970 he moved his second studio to Rome, where he perfected his knowledge of chalcography techniques, making many etchings. He associated with artists such as Marini, Gentilini, Raphael Mafai, Zancanaro, Guttuso, V. Tavernari, Fieschi.

In 1973 the first monograph dedicated to his work was published by the Macchi Gallery of Pisa, with a preface by the art historian Enzo Carli and the poet Dino Carlesi. Numerous exhibitions were held of his work in Italy and Switzerland, and he received prestigious awards.

Giochi di gabbiani all'alba: 1974-75 In 1976 and until 1990 he moved his second studio to Milan. The relationship with corporeality, physical, psychological and historical space were the new main conceptual focuses of his work in these years, as Madeleine Guignard clearly perceived in her catalogue presentation for the exhibition which the University of Clermont Ferrand dedicated to him in February 1976.

In 1977, the publishers Edi/Albra of Turin published a new monograph on his work entitled "Eclisse" ("Eclipse") edited by Franco Solmi, director of the Modern Art Gallery of Bologna. In this period (1977-1990) shows of his work were held in museums, universities and private galleries in Italy in: Monza, Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Gallarate, Bergamo, La Spezia, Reggio Emilia, Parma, Turin, Lerici, Florence, Pisa, San Marino, Massa, Piombino, Viterbo; and abroad in: Stockholm (where he opened a new studio) Cardiff, Helsinki, Bucharest, Amsterdam, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, Forssa, Los Angeles, Munich, Paris, Seloncourt, Reykjavik.

In 1986 a new book about his work edited by Carlo Ludovico Ragghianti, director of the International University of Art in Florence, entitled "Francesco Vaccarone, omaggio al Golfo dei Poeti" ("Francesco Vaccarone, homage to the Gulf of the Poets)" was published, and in the same year he was invited with three large works to the IXth National Quadriennale in Rome, in the historical section "Emerging trends in Italian Art from 1950 to 1980". In 1988 he received the "Do Forni" international award for graphic art in Venice and the Murano award.

Volo di gabbiani all'alba: 1973 In 1990 a large anthological exhibition of his work was held at Palazzo dei Diamanti in Ferrara and a new monograph was published for the occasion, entitled "From dawn to dusk", by Michèle Lavallée, director of the Strasbourg Museums, and Enzo Di Marino, director of the International Graphic Art Centre in Venice. Exhibitions were subsequently held in Venice, La Spezia, Busto Arsizio, Ischia, Vasto, Cracow, Rome, Civitanova Marche.

In 1997 he won an international award at the 2nd Triennale of Graphic Art in Macedonia and in 1998 first prize at the IXth International Biennale of Carpi dedicated to xylography. In 2003, to emphasise his commitment to the knowledge and propagation of artistic languages and in defence of their freedom he received the Silone Prize in Italy, while the Constantinian University of the State of Rhode Island USA awarded him a degree honoris causa in aesthetics.

From 2000 and 2004 he held a cycle of conferences in universities in Poland, where numerous exhibitions of his work were organised. Anthological exhibitions followed in Havana, Marina di Massa, Framura (for Ezra Pound), Noceto in Emilia, where he also created a large marble sculpture dedicated to peace. On this occasion a new book was published, by Francesco Barocelli, art historian of the University of Parma, which contained a critical anthology of selected texts by numerous experts and contemporary artists who have taken an interest in Francesco Vacarone's work, plus a vast bibliography from 1960 to 2004.

Vele, giro di boa: 1986
A solo show, organised by the Egyptian government and the Italian embassy was held in Cairo in Oct 2004, with paintings from 1970 to 2004. In 2005 he began a cycle of exhibitions in the USA and worked on two large marble low-reliefs dedicated to Pope John Paul II for the Borough of Noceto and inaugurated in April 2006. In this same year the Borough of Parma held an anthological show of his works and in 2008 he completed for this borough a sculpture in Carrara marble, over four metres high, dedicated to Italian peace missions in the world. In 2008 the Borough of Pisa organized an anthological show in the mediaeval abbey of San Zeno and in the following months he worked on 30 paintings dedicated to Liszt, Rachmaninoff and Tchaikovsky for a cycle of exhibitions in Argentina.

He was invited with three paintings to the show "Estetika, Forma e Segno, da Renoir a De Chirico" ("Aesthetics, Form and Sign, from Renoir to de Chirico") at Villa Ponti in Arona, and with the Corsanini laboratory took part with six new sculptures in the XIIIth International Sculpture Biennale of Carrara. Five of his works were shown in the Manege Museum of St. Petersburg in the exhibition "Masters of 20th-century Italian Art". In 2009 the Borough of Rapallo invited him to hold an anthological show in the ancient castle, with a section of 24 paintings dedicated to Ezra Pound. In 2010 a solo show was organised for him at the European Parliament of Strasbourg, which was later transferred to the Italian Institute of Culture in the same town. Next, in New York he showed a cycle of paintings on jazz at the Lincoln Center. In 2011 he held a solo show at the Monte Paschi bank in Brussels and was invited to the 54th Venice Biennale, Italian Pavilion.

In the same year in the Camec of La Spezia is ordered his retrospective exhibition with works from 1957 to 2011; the President of the Republic gives the honor of Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. In 2012 the Castle of Portovenere is staged a retrospective of visual poems of the sixties and exhibited with Scanavino and Carmi in the exhibition "Before the Infinite" at Porto Mirabello. In 2013 realizes a Obelisk in Carrara marble top 7 meters to his hometown and a group of sculptures in wood for Speziaexpò; It is called the exhibition "Eight artists for Anlaids" to Pelanda Rome. In 2014 he took part in the exhibition and the Mus-e Foundation Carispe and takes care to Catalogue raisonné of his work (1957 to 2014) that the Publisher Allemandi entrusted to the art historian Valerio Dehò. In 2015 he was invited to the XVII Biennial of Carpi.

The Town Hall in Sarzana invited him to hold from October 2015 to January 2016 an anthological exhibition at the Firmafede Fortress and later the Contemporary Art Museum - Villa Croce in Genoa presented his single-subject exhibition dedicated to his experimental works and to his Visual Poems of the Sixties.

In 2016 he created a public work for the city of La Spezia: the 7 - metre-high obelisk "Raggio di Sole" - "Sun Ray" - sculpted into Carrara marble.

He presented 20 works at Camec on the occasion of the Group '63 50th anniversary - Group which Vaccarone promoted together with N. Balestrini, E. Sanguineti and U. Eco in La Spezia in 1966.

In 2017 he exhibited 32 works belonging to the exhibition "Tra Lerice e Turbìa" at Lerici Castle and at Sala Mantero in Portovenere.

In the year 2018 he created 25 works dedicated to Wagner's music. These were exhibited at the Art Gallery of Bayreuth Municipality in 2019 and then at the 58th Venice Biennale Art Exhibition.

In 2019, on the occasion of the centenary of the G. Capellini Academy of Sciences, he was appointed Academician.

The artist's vast bibliography includes testimonies from the following artists: Ennio Calabria, Valerio Dehò, Giannetto Fieschi, Renato Guttuso, Antoinette Raphael Mafai, Armando Pizzinato, Vittorio Tavernari, Tono Zancanaro, e testi e saggi di critici e studiosi d'arte tra cui: Eleonora Acerbi, Robert Alderette, Henry Paul Aletrino, Cristina Angelescu, Jolanta Antecka, M.L.Barron, Luca Beatrice, Germano Beringheli,Giuseppe Berti, Enzo Carli, Dino Carlesi, Luigi Carluccio, Gianni Cavazzini, Valerio P. Cremolini, Enrico Crispolti, Raffaele De Grada, Enzo Di Martino, Andrè Faivère, Aldo Forbice, Silvia Ferrari, Spartaco Gamberini, Flaminio Gualdoni, Madeleine Guignard, Jonathan J. Harrington, Kai Hauser, Michèle Lavallée, Mattia Lapperier, Paolo Levi, Helge Lethovaara, Francesca Manni, Vincenzo Marotta, Jaroslaw Mikolajewski, Nicola Micieli, Carlo Munari, Tommaso Paloscia, Carlo Occhipinti, Roy Oppenheim, Maurice Oustrieres, Elena Pontiggia, Grigore Arbore Popescu, Carlo Ludovico Ragghianti, Marzia Ratti, Renato Righetti, Giovanna Riu, Monica Sangberg,Edoardo Sanguineti, Pier Carlo Santini, Wieslaw Sickierski, Franco Solmi, Vilma Torselli, Teresa Triscari Ilardo, Marcello Venturoli, Dino Villani.